Kevin McCloud found that people seemed genuinely happy in the slum. Dharavi is made up of 12 different neighbourhoods and there are no maps or road signs. The northwards movement along rail and road corridors comes first. Dharavi has a recycling zone. Over 20 million people lived in Mumbai in , compared to less than 10 million in

The buildings in this part of the slum are all of different heights and colours, adding interest and diversity. Indeed, property in Mumbai is becoming some of the most expensive in the world. As the National Slum Dwellers Federation has repeatedly proven, housing the poor works best, costs less and is better for the environment, when the poor themselves have a say in what is being built. One such phenomenon fuelling this growth is that of planned towns new towns in the UK. They have to work under the hot sun in appalling conditions.

The houses often have no windows, asbestos roofs which is dangerous if broken and no planning to fit fire regulations. Communal open space on various levels allows women to preserve an afternoon tradition, getting together to do embroidering.

The Brazilian government also moved a lot of people out of shanty towns and into low cost, basic housing estates with plumbing, electricity and transport links. People have to go to the toilet in the street and there are open sewers. Mumbai is an important port city on the northwest coast of India and is the state capital of Maharashtra. The value of land is so high that redevelopment is now a real threat. The centre of density of population has shifted from the island city well into suburban Salsette.


There is an alternative to large scale redevelopment and that is to allow LOCAL people design the improvements to the slum.

Squatter settlements

cas Third, these areas extend outwards and can involve reclaiming land next to creeks and mangrove, and slopes in the hills of Salsette can be colonised too. The residents do not want this redevelopment, Arputham Jockin grew up in Mumbai’s slums and now represents the slum dwellers in their fight against the government’s plans.

The rise of Shivaji Park area, Matunga and Mahim as the outlying suburbs.

cade This helps to generate a sense of community. These standpipes are shared between many people. The quandary is that people have to work in poor conditions to recycle waste.

The plan to improve Dharavi is called Vision Mumbai. It has a village feel despite its high population density and has a central social square.

Mumbai case study

Their loft spaces add extra room without seeming crowded, and include small spaces for bathing. Rubbish is everywhere and most areas lack sanitation and excrement and rats are found on the street.

dharavi slum case study gcse

This helps to generate a sense of community. This could lead to Dengue fever, cholera and hepatitis Dharavi has a recycling zone.

Dharavi slum case study-world cities

The squatter settlement is unplanned and has these characteristics: Next to the open sewers are water pipes, which can crack and take in sewage. Indeed, in terms of population size Mumbai is India’s largest city, and is the financial capital of the country, being home to the Mumbai Stock Exchange.

Managing and improving Squatter settlements.


Dharavi could copy the improvement approach, this approach worked slim Rocinha, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, where the residents themselves improved the squatter settlements or ‘favelas’. Up until the s, Mumbai owed its wealth to its historical colonial past, textile mills and the seaport, but the local economy has since been diversified and now Mumbai is home to most of India’s specialised technical industries, having a modern industrial infrastructure and vast, skilled human resources.

My vision would be that it would be transformed into dharaavi of the better suburbs of Mumbai.

dharavi slum case study gcse

There is a pottery area of Dharavi slum which has a community centre. This suburbanisation has had consequences; 1. However, it is humans who work to sift the rubbish in the tips where children and women sift through the rubbish for valuable waste.

One such slum is Dharavi, in the heart of Mumbai. These ideas only work when water is running in Dharavi. In some cases this rapid urbanisation happens too fast for the city authorities to cope with. Despite the poor conditions in the slum Prince Charles thinks that the people of Dharavi “may be poorer in material wealth but are richer socially”.

The people who are relocated will be put into smaller housing in apartment blocks. An ancient fishing village dgaravi also threatened. View Dharavi location in a larger map.